Most countries are trying to do away with female genital mutilation (FGM) which can cause young girls major physical problems when they grow up, and in some cases even death. The only reason to circumcise a young girl is for control and subjugation, so the practice continues. In fact, Indonesia legalized it in 2010, if performed by doctors or midwives.
The Indonesian Ulama Council (MUI) has petitioned the government to make sure the practice continues, claiming it's a constitutional right. Amirsyah Tambunan from the MUI said,
"Circumcision is a part of the Islamic teachings recommended for Muslims, both male and female. The MUI and Islamic organisation in the country firmly stand against efforts to ban female circumcision."
There is a huge difference between male and female circumcision, which is why the UN is trying to get its member states to ban it. The only reason it's performed on females is to control a woman's sexuality and desire.
Not everyone agrees about it being a religious obligation.
... the executive director of the Wahid Institute, Ahmad Suaedy, disagreed, saying that the practice was based on fiqih (Islamic jurisprudence) that could be interpreted differently by different ulemas.
“Female circumcision is not in the sharia. Maybe, the MUI drew their conclusions from a fiqih that was applied in a particular context and region,” he told The Jakarta Post on Monday.